Behavior Solutions:

Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder

Before you start consider the FASD Simulation


  • FASD is not a diagnosis but the umbrella term for the effects that occur to a person when the mother drinks alcohol during pregnancy. FASD is 100% preventable and 0% curable. Due to environmental and genetic factors, ANY amount of alcohol can effect a fetus, so no safe time and no safe amount of alcohol while pregnant.
  • FAS is the full Fetal Alcohol Syndrome and a person has to have display 1- facial characteristics, 2- growth deficiencies and 3- cognitive deficits However only about 15% of all those with FASD have the facial characteristics!
  • FAS rates ranging from 0.2 to 1.5 per 1,000 live births in different areas of the United States. Other FASDs are could be as much as 1 in 25. (Source: Center for Disease Control) Compare to the prevalence of autism is one child in every 90. (Source: Center for Disease Control) (Approximately .6%)
  • Of the 100,000 teenagers in juvenile detention, estimates indicate that 60 percent have behavioral, mental or emotional problems. (Department of Justice) Many of these individuals may have FASD and not been identified.
  • Leading cause of Intellectual Disabilities but only about 25% of persons effected by prenatal alcohol consumption have intellectual disabilities but cognitive problems such as executive functioning and working memory are more severe problems in academic areas.
  • So if not FAS then what? Other students who are at risk for academic and behavior issues may have FASD behind the scenes which makes them more resistant to typical approaches.
  • Consider this visual idea courtesy of Dan Dubovsky, Director, Center for Excellence FASD.
FASD as umbrella for disabilities

Characteristics of students with FASD


--------------- WEAKNESSES---------------

  • friendly
  • likeable
  • verbal
  • helpful
  • caring
  • hard worker
  • determined
  • have points of insight
  • good with younger children or elderly
  • planning
  • attention
  • verbal reasoning
  • problem solving
  • mental flexibility
  • working memory
  • multitasking
  • inhibition
  • initiation and monitoring of actions

Information on FASD by

Links for Organizations & Treatment Strategies for FASD

For an updated and expanded list of organizations and interventions visit the SC FASD webpage.

South Carolina FASD Collaborative

Center for Excellence in FASD
NO-FAS National Organization of FASD
FASD Connections
Provincial Outreach Program e-Learning videos & Teaching Resources
Southern California FASD Information & Support Network Good informational resource
MOFAS Minnesota Organization on Fetal Alcohol Syndrome

Teaching Students with FASD suggestions for Teaching Resources.
Do2Learn Teacher Toolbox
The toolbox is a compilation of ideas from the Marcus Institute, Atlanta GA. Strategies are included for classroom management, learning and resources.
Strategies Not Solutions 60 page booklet to download with ideas and simple strategies
8 Magic Keys Elaboration on 8 steps for intervention Concrete, consistency. repetition, routine, structure, simplicity, specific, supervision
Strategies Not Solutions (pdf document) Great set of strategies for parents but many can apply to the classroom too.
The Toolbox Parent Parenting tips for tough kids.
S.C.R.E.A.M.S Learn what SCREAMS stands for and strategies for parenting using SCREAMS
Treatment Strategies for Individuals with FASD A Podcast- narrated PowerPoint with strategies for Intervention
Understanding Alcohol: Investigations into Biology and Behavior NIH Curriculum Supplement Series Grades 7-8
The Science Inside Alcohol Lessons and link to teach middle school students about the science of how alcohol affects their bodies.
Better Safe than Sorry Teaching Middle Schoolers about FAS great resources, entire curriculum and presentation materials