Specific Information on Disabilities and Disorders with emphasis on those with Teaching materials

Always use PERSON FIRST language as the disability does NOT define the child.


Students with ADHD
ADHD www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/adhd/
NINDS ADHD www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/adhd/adhd.htm


Students with Bi-Polar disorder
Bi-polar www.bpkids.org/

NLD - Nonverbal Learning Disabilities

Students with Nonverbal learning disabilities
NLD www.nldontheweb.org/
NLDA www.nlda.org

LD - Learning Disabilities

Students with learning disabiltiies
LDonline www.ldonline.org
Schwab learning www.schwablearning.org/

ELL & Cultural Diversity

NCTE Policy and resources: www.ncte.org/edpolicy/ell
NWREL Resources ELL www.nwrel.org/learns/resources/ell/index.html
Cultural Diversity and Academic Achievement www.ncrel.org/sdrs/areas/issues/educatrs/leadrshp/le0bow.htm
CLAS Culturally and Linguistically Appropriate Services clas.uiuc.edu

Substance Abuse

Center for Substance Treatment Abuse csat.samhsa.gov/
Center for Disease Control www.cdc.gov/DiseasesConditions/

More information for later reading:

Mental Illness from science.education.nih.gov/supplements/nih5/mental/guide/info-mental-a.htm

Mental Illness in Children and Adolescents

Mental illness is not uncommon among children and adolescents. Approximately 12 million children under the age of 18 have mental disorders. The National Mental Health Association33 has compiled some statistics about mental illness in children and adolescents:

  • Mental health problems affect one in every five young people at any given time.
  • An estimated two-thirds of all young people with mental health problems are not receiving the help they need.
  • Less than one-third of the children under age 18 who have a serious mental health problem receive any mental health services.
  • As many as 1 in every 33 children may be depressed. Depression in adolescents may be as high as 1 in 8.
  • Suicide is the third leading cause of death for 15- to 24-years-olds and the sixth leading cause of death for 5- to 15-year-olds.
  • Schizophrenia is rare in children under age 12, but it occurs in about 3 of every 1,000 adolescents.
  • Between 118,700 and 186,600 youths in the juvenile justice system have at least one mental illness.
  • Of the 100,000 teenagers in juvenile detention, an estimated 60 percent have behavioral, cognitive, or emotional problems.

Warning Signs for Mental Illness

Each mental illness has its own characteristic symptoms. However, there are some general warning signs that might alert you that someone needs professional help. Some of these signs include

  • marked personality change,
  • inability to cope with problems and daily activities,
  • strange or grandiose ideas,
  • excessive anxieties,
  • prolonged depression and apathy,
  • marked changes in eating or sleeping patterns,
  • thinking or talking about suicide or harming oneself,
  • extreme mood swings—high or low,
  • abuse of alcohol or drugs, and
  • excessive anger, hostility, or violent behavior.

A person who shows any of these signs should seek help from a qualified health professional.

ADHD is one of the most common mental disorders that develop in children.

(from www.nimh.nih.gov/health/topics/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd/index.shtml)

  • Impulsiveness: a child who acts quickly without thinking first.
  • Hyperactivity: a child who can't sit still, walks, runs, or climbs around when others are seated, talks when others are talking.
  • Inattention: a child who daydreams or seems to be in another world, is sidetracked by what is going on around him or her.

Emotional Behavior Disorders

from childstats.gov/americaschildren/health3.asp

  • More males than females were reported by a parent to have difficulties. Children ages 15–17 generally had the highest rates of serious emotional or behavioral difficulties.
  • In 2005, 7 percent of children living below the poverty level had serious emotional or behavioral difficulties, compared with 5 percent of children in near-poor families (those with family incomes of 100–199 percent of the poverty level) and 4 percent of children in non-poor families (those with family incomes of 200 percent or more of the poverty level).
  • Among the parents of children with serious (definite or severe) difficulties, 81 percent reported contacting a health care provider or school staff about their child's difficulties, 40 percent reported their child was prescribed medication for their difficulties, and 47 percent reported their child had received treatment or help other than medication.

Language Difficulties

from childstats.gov/americaschildren/famsoc5.asp

  • About 6 percent of school-age children spoke a language other than English at home and lived in linguistically isolated households in 2005. A linguistically isolated household is one in which no person age 14 or over either speaks only English at home or speaks another language at home and speaks English "Very well."

Autism & autism spectrum disorders (ASDs)

from www.nimh.nih.gov/health/publications/autism/symptoms.shtml
ASDs or pervasive developmental disorders range in severity, with autism being the most debilitating form while other disorders, such as Asperger syndrome, produce milder symptoms.

  • Estimating the prevalence of autism is difficult and controversial due to differences in the ways that cases are identified and defined, differences in study methods, and changes in diagnostic criteria. A recent study reported
  • Autism and other ASDs develop in childhood and generally are diagnosed by age three.
  • Autism is about four times more common in boys than girls. Girls with the disorder, however, tend to have more severe symptoms and greater cognitive impairment.